Appsc Group 1 New Syllabus Exam Previous Papers pdf Download

Appsc Group 1 New Syllabus Exam Previous Papers pdf Download

The Andhra Pradesh Public Service Commission (APPSC) Group 1 exam is a highly competitive gateway to prestigious administrative positions within the state. To ace this exam, a thorough understanding of the syllabus is crucial.

APPSC Group 1 Prelims Exam Pattern

For every incorrect answer in the multiple-choice questions, ⅓ of a mark will be deducted.


SubjectNo. of QuestionsMarksDuration
  • History and Culture
  • Constitution polity Social Justice and International relations
  • Indian and Andhra Pradesh Economy and Planning
  • Geography

1-120 Questions

  • General Mental Ability Administrative and Psychological Abilities
  • Science and Technologies
  • Current events of Regional National and International importance

2-120 Questions


APPSC Group 1 Mains Exam Pattern

Eligibility: Candidates who qualify in the Prelims exam are eligible to appear for the Mains exam.

Mode: The Mains exam is a conventional offline mode exam, meaning handwritten answers are required.

Evaluation: Only the marks from the five papers of General Studies are included in the final merit list used for rank determination.

Qualifying Papers: The English and Telugu papers are qualifying in nature and their marks do not contribute to the final merit list.

Exam Pattern Details: For a detailed breakdown of the exam pattern, including subjects, number of questions, marks, and duration, please refer to the official APPSC website or other reliable sources.

Paper - Subject


Telugu (Qualifying Nature)


English (Qualifying Nature)


1-General Essay - on contemporary themes and issues of regional national and international importance


2-History and Cultural and Geography of India and Andhra Pradesh


3-Polity constitution Governance Law and Ethics


4-Economy and Development of India and Andhra Pradesh


5-Science Technology and Environmental Issues


APPSC Group 1 Prelims Syllabus for Paper 1

(A) History & Culture

The Kanauj and their Contributions, South Indian DynastiesThe Kanauj and their Contributions, South Indian Dynasties
The Delhi Sultanate, the Vijaynagar Empire and the Mughal Empire, the Bhakti Movement and Sufism
The European Trading companies in India

The European Trading companies in India

Their struggle for supremacy-with special reference to 

  1. Bengal
  2. Bombay
  3. Madras
  4. Mysore
  5. Andhra and Nizam
  6. Governor Generals
  7. Viceroys
Indian War of Independence of 1857

Indian War of Independence of 1857

  1. Origin
  2. Nature
  3. Causes, consequences and significance with special reference to Concerned State, Religious and Social Reform Movements in 19th century in India and Concerned State
  4. India’s Freedom Movement
  5. Revolutionaries in India and Abroad
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, his life and contribution to the making of the Indian Constitution, India after Independence

(B) Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations

Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the States, Parliament and State Legislatures

Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the States, Parliament and State Legislatures

  1. Structure
  2. Function
  3. Power and Privileges
  4. Issues and challenges pertaining to Federal Structure
  5. Devolution of Power and Finances up to local levels and Challenges therein
India's Foreign Policy

(C) Indian and Andhra Pradesh Economy & Planning

(D) Geography


World, India and concerned State

  1. Major physical divisions
  2. Earthquakes
  3. Landslides
  4. Natural drainage
  5. Climatic changes and regions
  6. Monsoon
  7. Natural Vegetation
  8. Parks and Sanctuaries
  9. Major Soil types
  10. Rocks and Minerals

World, India and concerned State:

  1. Distribution
  2. Density
  3. Growth
  4. Sex-ratio
  5. Literacy
  6. Occupational Structure
  7. SC and ST Population
  8. Rural-Urban components
  9. Racial, tribal, religious and linguistic groups
  10. Urbanization
  11. Migration
  12. Metropolitan regions

World, India and concerned State: 

  1. Major sectors of the economy
  2. Agriculture
  3. Industry and Services, their salient features
  4. Basic Industries-Agro, mineral, forest, fuel and manpower based Industries, Transport and Trade, Pattern and Issues.

APPSC Group 1 Prelims Syllabus for Paper 2

(A) General Mental Ability and Psychological Abilities

  1. Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability.
  2. Number Series
  3. Coding-Decoding
  4. Problems Related to Relations.
  5. Shapes and their Sub-sections, Venn Diagram
  6. Problems based on Clocks, Calendar and Age
  7. Number system and order of Magnitude
  8. Ratio, proportion and variation
  9. Central Tendencies – mean, median, mode — including weighted mean
  10. Power and exponent, Square, Square Root, Cube Root, H.C.F. and L.C.M
  11. Percentage, Simple and Compound Interest, Profit and loss
  12. Time and Work, Time and Distance, Speed and Distance
  13. Area and Perimeter of Simple Geometrical Shapes, Volume and Surface Area of Sphere, Cone, Cylinder, cubes and Cuboids
  14. Lines, angels and common geometrical figures — properties of transverse and parallel lines, properties of triangles, quadrilateral, rectangle, parallelogram and rhombus.
  15. Introduction to algebra — BODMAS, simplification of weird symbols
  16. Data interpretation, Data Analysis, Data sufficiency, and concepts of Probability
  17. Emotional Intelligence: Understanding and analyzing emotions, Dimensions of emotional intelligence, coping with emotions, empathy and coping with stress
  18. Social Intelligence, interpersonal skills, Decision making, Critical thinking, problem-solving and Assessment of personality.

(B) Science & Technology

Science and Technology
  1. Nature and Scope of Science & Technology
  2. Relevance of Science & Technology to the day-to-day life
  3. National Policy on Science, Technology and Innovation
  4. Institutes and organizations in India promoting the integration of Science, Technology and Innovation, their activities and contribution
  5. Contribution of Prominent Indian Scientists
Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
  1. Nature and Scope of ICT
  2. ICT in day to day life
  3. ICT and Industry
  4. ICT and Governance
  5. Various government schemes promoting use of ICT, E-Governance programmes and services Netiquettes
  6. Cyber Security Concerns
  7. National Cyber Crime Policy
Technology in Space & Defence
  1. Evolution of the Indian Space Programme
  2. Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)-it’s activities and achievements
  3. Various Satellite Programmes
  4. Satellites for Telecommunication,
  5. Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS)
  6. Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) Satellites
  7. Satellites for defence
  8. Eduset or Satellites for academic purposes
  9. Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO)- vision, mission and activities
Energy Requirement and Efficiency
  1. India’s existing energy needs and deficit
  2. India’s Energy Resources and Dependence
  3. Energy policy of India Government Policies and Programmes
  4. Solar, Wind and Nuclear energy
Environmental Science
  1. Issues and concerns related to environment- Its legal aspects, policies and treaties for the protection of the environment at the national and the international level
  2. Biodiversity-its importance and concerns
  3. Climate Change, International Initiatives (Policies, Protocols) and India’s commitment
  4. Forest and Wildlife – Legal framework for Forest and Wildlife Conservation in India
  5. Environmental Hazards, pollution, carbon emission, Global warming
  6. National Action plans on Climate Change and Disaster management
  7. Biotechnology and Nanotechnology- Nature, Scope and application
  8. Ethical, Social, and Legal issues
  9. Government Policies
  10. Genetic Engineering
  11. Issues related to it and its impact on human life
  12. Health & Environment

APPSC Group 1 Mains Syllabus

The Mains exam comprises two qualifying papers and five merit ranking papers.


Essay (20 marks)

ESSAY (A minimum of 200 words and a maximum of 250 words): Choose any one topic from a list of five. (Descriptive/ analytical/ philosophical/ based on Current Affairs)

Letter Writing (10 marks)

A formal letter expressing one’s opinion about an issue. The issues can deal with daily office matters/ a problem that has occurred in the office/ an opinion in response to one sought by a ranked officer etc.

Press Release or Appeal (10 marks)

The PR or appeal should be on an issue pertaining to a recent concern/problem/disaster/rumours etc. (in about 100 words)

Report Writing (15 marks)

A report in around 150 words on an official function/event/field trip/survey etc

Writing On Visual Information (15 marks)

A report in around 150 words on a graph, image, flow chart, table of comparison, or simple statistical data, etc

Formal Speech (15 marks)

A speech (in a formal style) of about 150 words must be read out in a formal function. This may be an inauguration speech, an educational seminar or conference, a formal ceremony of importance, etc

Precis Writing (15 marks)

A precis is around 100 words for a 300-word passage

Reading Comprehension (15 marks)

A reading passage of around 250 words is to be given, followed by short-answer type questions

English Grammar (20 marks)

There will be a multiple-choice question set from the following list:

  • Tenses
  • Voice
  • Narration (Direct-Indirect)
  • Transformation of sentences
  • Use of Articles and Determiners
  • Use of Prepositions
  • Use of Phrasal verbs
  • Use of idiomatic expressions
  • Administrative Glossary
  • Synonyms and Antonyms
  • One-word substitution
  • Cohesive devices or Connectives or Linkers
  • Affixes
  • Words that cause confusion like homonyms and homophones
Translation (15 marks)

The translation of a short passage of around 150 words from the Regional Language to English


Essay (20 marks)

ESSAY (A minimum of 200 words and a maximum of 250 words): Choose any one topic from a list of five. (Descriptive/ analytical/ philosophical/ based on Current Affairs)

Elaboration (10 marks)

To elaborate on the thought of poetry or verse (any two of the three) in about 100 words

Precis Writing (10 marks)

One-third summary of the given passage in your own words

Comprehension (10 marks)

A reading passage consisting of about 250 words to be given, followed by short-answer type questions

Formal Speech (10 marks)

A (Welcome, Farewell, Inauguration etc.) / Speech for the press conference (energy, farm credit, pollution, health related policy or problem) (in about 150 words)

Prepare The Statements (10 marks)

For the publicity media in around 100 words or so

Letter Writing (10 marks)

A letter of Congratulation, Best wishes, Request, or Complaint in about 100 words.

Debate Writing (10 marks)

Write a debate in about 150 words on a Newspaper issue or current issues or editorial presenting one’s individual opinion

Application Writing (10 marks)

Write an application in about 150 words.

Dialogue Writing or Dialogue Skills (10 marks)

Write dialogues between two people in about 150 words depicting a Group discussion, or work meeting, discussing topics such as water, agriculture, health, sanitation, education-related problems, etc.

Translation (10 marks)

Translation from English to the Telugu Language

Grammar Of Telugu (20 marks)

Grammar Of Telugu

Paper-I General Essay

The candidates are required to attempt three essays, of 800 words each, one from each of the three sections.


  • Current affairs
  • Socio- political issues
  • Socio- economic issues
  • Cultural and historical aspects
  • Socio- environmental issues
  • Issues related to civic awareness
  • Reflective topics


This paper would test the following:

  1. Ability to compose a well-argued piece of writing
  2. Ability to express coherently and sequentially
  3. Awareness of the subject chosen


Credit will be given for the following:

  • Observing established rules and format for essay writing
  • Grammatical correctness of expression
  • Originality of thought and expression.

Paper-II History, Culture and Geography of India and Andhra Pradesh

History and Culture of India

  • Prehistoric Cultures in India – Indus Valley Civilization – Vedic Culture – Mahajanapadas – Emergence of New Religions -Jainism, Buddhism – The Rise of the Magadha and the Age of the Mauryas – Ashoka Dharma – Foreign Invasions on India – The Kushans. The Satavahanas, the Sangam Age in South India – the Sungas – the Guptas- the Kanauj and their Contributions- Historical Accounts of Foreign Travelers – Early Educational Institutions.
  • The Rise of the British rule in India from the year 1757 to 1856 – Land Revenue Settlements, Permanent Settlements, Ryotwari, and Mahalwari – The 1857 Revolt and its Impact – Education, Press, Cultural Changes – The Rise of National Consciousness and Changes- Socio-Religious Reform Movements in 19th century- Rajaram Mohan Roy, Dayananda Saraswathi, Swami Vivekananda, Annie Besant, Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, and so on. The Rise of Indian Nationalism – The Activities of the Indian National Congress INC) – Vandemataram, The Self Respect Movement – Jyothiba Phule, Narayana Guru, and Periyar Ramaswamy Naicker – Home Rule Movements – The Role of Mahatma Gandhi, Subhash Chandra Bose, and Sardar Vallabhai Patel – Satyagraha- Quit India Movement – Dr. B.R. Ambedkar and his Contributions to India.
  • The Pallavas, the Eastern Chalukyas, the Badami Chalukyas, the Rashtrakutas, the Kalyani Chalukyas, and the Cholas – Socio-Cultural Contributions, Language, Literature, Arts and Architecture – The Delhi Sultanates – The Advent of Islam and its Impact – Religious Movements like Bhakti and Sufi and Its Influence. Growth of Vernacular Languages, Scripts, Literature, Fine Arts – Socio-Cultural Conditions of the Kakatiyas, the Vijayanagaras, the Bahmanis, the Qutub Shahis, and their contemporary South Indian kingdoms.
  • The Mughal Administration, Socio-Religious life and Cultural Developments – Shivaji and the Rise of the Maratha Empire – The Advent of Europeans in India. Trade practices – The Rise of East India Company its Hegemony- Changes in Administration, Social and Cultural spheres- Role of Christian Missionaries.
  • Indian Nationalism in its three phases – The Freedom Struggle 1885 to 1905, 1905 to 1920, and Gandhi Phase 1920 to 1947- The Peasant, Women, Tribal and Workers Movements – The Role of Different parties in the Freedom Struggle – The Local and Regional Movements – The Inter-Religious Unity and Communalism. The Independence and Partition of India – India after Independence – Rehabilitation after partition- Linguistic Reorganization of States – Integration of the Indian States – Indian Constitution- Economic policies – Foreign Policy Initiatives



The Satavahanas, the Ikshvakus, the Salankayanas, the Pallavas and the Vishnukundins- -Social and Economic Conditions- Religion, Language (Telugu), Literature, Art and Architecture- Jainism and Buddhism in Andhra.
The Eastern Chalukyas, the Rashtrakutas, the Renati Cholas and others- Socio-Cultural life, Religion- Telugu Script and Language, Literature, Art and Architecture.


Socio- Cultural and Religious Conditions in Andhradesa 1000 to 1565 A.D.-Antiquity, Origin and Growth Telugu Language and Literature(KavitrayaAsthadiggajas)- Fine Arts, Art& Architecture during the reign of Kakatiyas, Reddis, Gajapatis and Vijayanagaras and their feudatories.
Historical Monuments-Significance, Contribution of Qutubshahis to Andhra History and Culture-Regional Literature- Praja Kavi -Vemana and others.


European Trade Establishments in Andhra- Andhra Under the Company Rule Role of Christian Missionaries- Socio-Cultural, Literary Awakening- C.P. Brown, Thamos Munro, Mackenzie-Zamindary, Polegary System- Native States and Little Kings.
Role of Social Reformers- Gurajada Apparao, Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Raghupati Venkataratnam Naidu, Gidugu Ramamurthy, Annie Besant and others- Library Movement in Andhra Pradesh- Role of News Paper- Folk and Tribal Culture, Oral Traditions, Subaltern Culture, Role of women.

Nationalist Movement

Role of Andhra leaders- Justice Party, Non-Brahmin Movement Nationalist and Revolutionary Literature- Gurram Jashva, Boyi Bheemanna, Sri Sri, Garimella Satyanarayana, Rayaprolu Subbarao, Unnava Lakshminarayana, Tripuraneni Ramaswamy Choudhary and others, Andhra Mahasabhas, Andhra Movement prominent leaders- Alluri Sitaramraju, Duggirala Gopalakrishnaiah, Konda Venkatappayya,Pattabhi Seetaramaiah, Ponaka Kanakamma, Dokka Sitamma Grandhlaya Movement- Ayyanka Venkataratnam, Gadicherla Harisarvothamarao, Kasinanathuni Nagesvara Rao- Potti Sreeramulu Formation of Andhra State,1953- Emergence of Andhra Pradesh,1956- Andhra Pradesh 1956 to2014- Causes for Bifurcation, 2nd June 2014 Impact

Andhra Pradesh

Bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh and its impact on Administrative, Economic, Social, Political, Cultural and Legal Implications- Loss of Capital City, Building of New Capital and its financial Implications- Division of Employees and their Native Issues- Effect of Bifurcation on Trade& Commerce, Industry – Implication of Financial Resources of State Government.
Developmental Opportunities- Socio-Economic, Cultural and Demographic impact of Bifurcation- Impact on River water sharing and other link issues- Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act.2014- the Arbitrariness of certain provisions.


  • Physical Features and Resources: Of India and Andhra Pradesh, Major landforms, Climatic changes, Rivers, Water, Streams, Soil types, Geology, Rocks, Mineral Resources, Metals, Clays, Construction Materials, Reservoirs, Dams – Forests, Mountains, Hills, Fauna and flora, Plateau Forests, Hill Forests, Vegetation Classification.
  • Economic Geography: Agriculture, Live stocks, Forestry, Fishery, Mining, Quarrying, Household Manufacturing, and other Industries — Agro, Mineral, Forests, Fuel and manpower, Trade and Commerce, Communications, Road Transport, Storage and so on.
  • Social Geography: Population Movements and Distributions, Human Habitations, Density, Age, Sex, Rural, Urban, Race, Caste, Tribe, Religion, Linguistic, Urban Migration, Education Characteristics.
  • Fauna and Floral Geography: Wild Animals, Birds, Reptiles, Mammals, Trees and Plants, and more.
  • Environmental Geography: Sustainable Development, Globalisation, Temperature, Humidity, Cloudiness, Winds, Special Weather Phenomena, Natural Hazards — Earthquakes, Landslides, Floods, Cyclones, Cloud Burst, Disaster Management, Impact Assessment, Environmental Pollution, Pollution Managemen

Paper-III Polity, Governance, Law and Ethics


  • Indian Constitution and its salient features – Functions and duties of the Indian Union
    and the State Governments
  • Issues and challenges pertaining to the Federal structure — Role of Governor in States –
    Distribution of powers between the Union and States (Union list, State list and Concurrent
    list) — Issues and challenges.
  • Rural and Urban Local Governance under 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment –
    Constitutional Authorities and their Role
  • Parliament and State Legislatures — structure, functioning, conduct of business,
    powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Judiciary in India — Structure and functions, important provisions relating to emergency
    and constitutional amendments, judicial review, Public Interest Litigation.


  • Their Meanings, Nature and Scope of Public Administration — Evolution in India —Administrative ideas in Kautilya’s Arthashastra; the Mughal administration; The Legacy of the British rule.
  • The Government policies and interventions for the development of various sectors and the issues and problems regarding their implementation.
  • The Development processes – the role of civil society, NGOs, and other stakeholders.
  • Statutory, regulatory, and various quasi-judicial authorities – The Role of Civil Services in Democracy.
  • Good governance and e-governance – Transparency, accountability, and responsiveness in governance — The Citizen’s Charter. The Right to Information (RTI), Public Service Act and their implications, Concept of Social Audit, and its importance


  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and Consequences of Ethics in Human actions: dimensions of Ethics: Ethics in Private and Public relationships, Ethics integrity and Accountability in Public Service.
  • Human values: Understanding the Harmony in existence Human relationships in the
    society and in the Nature. Gender Equability in the relationships Role of family, society and Educational Institutions in imparting values to citizens, lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrations.
  • Attitude: Content, Functions, its influence and relation with thought and behaviour, Moral and Political attitudes, role of Social influence and persuasion. Emotional intelligence-Concepts and their utilities and application in Administration and Governance.
  • Concept of Public Service, “Philosophical basis of Governance professional Ethics in the light of right understanding and Vision for Holistic Technologies, Codes of Ethics, codes of Conduct, RTI, Public Service Act, Leadership Ethics, Work culture, Ethical principles with in an Organizational content. – Ethical and moral values in governance, Ethical issues in international relations, corruption, Lokpal, Lokayukta
Basic Knowledge of Laws in India
Constitution of India

Nature and salient features – Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy – Bifurcation of powers between centre and state (state list, union list and concurrent list) – Powers of judiciary, executive and legislature.

Civil and Criminal laws

hierarchy of civil and criminal courts in India – difference
between substantial and procedural laws – order and decree – new developments in criminal laws, Nirbhaya Act.

Labour Law

Concept of social welfare legislations in India, changing trends in employment and necessity for new labour laws.

Cyber Laws

Information Technology Act – Cyber Security and Cyber Crime – difficulties in determining competent jurisdiction of courts in case of cyber-crimes.

Tax Laws

Laws relating to income, Profits, Wealth Tax, Corporate Tax – GST

Paper-IV Economy and Development of India and Andhra Pradesh

Major Challenges of Indian Economy

Inconsistent growth rate, Low growth rates of agriculture and manufacturing sectors, inflation and oil prices, current account deficit and unfavorable balance of payments, falling rupee value, growing NPAs and capital infusion – money laundering and black money – Insufficient financial resources and deficiency of capital, Lack of Inclusive growth and Sustainable development – Nature, causes, consequences and solutions of these problems

Resource Mobilization in Indian Economy

Sources of financial resources for public and private sectors – budgetary resources – tax revenue and non-tax revenue – public debt : market borrowings, loans and grants etc., external debt from multilateral agencies – foreign institutional investment and foreign direct investment – desirability and consequences of utilizing different sources – Monetary and fiscal policies – financial markets and institutions of developmental finance – investment in industries and
infrastructure projects – Physical resources – Energy resources

Resource mobilization in Andhra Pradesh

Budgetary resources and constraints – Fulfillment of the conditions of A.P Bifurcation Act – central assistance and issues of conflict – public debt and projects of external assistance – Physical resources – Mineral and forest resources – Water disputes with neighboring states

Government Budgeting

Structure of Government budget and its components  Budgeting process and recent changes – of – Types of budget – types of deficits, their impact and management – Highlights of current year’s union budget and its analysis -GST and related issues – Central assistance to states – Issues of federal finance in India – Recommendations of the latest finance commission

Government budgeting in Andhra Pradesh

Budget constraints – Central assistance and issues of conflict after bifurcation of the state – management of deficits – – Highlights and Analysis of the current year budget – State finance commission and local finance in Andhra Pradesh

Inclusive Growth

Meaning of inclusion – Causes of exclusion in India – Strategies for and instruments of inclusion : Poverty alleviation and employment , Health and Education, women empowerment, social welfare schemes – Food Security and Public Distribution
System – sustainable agriculture – Integrated Rural development -regional diversification – Public and partnership for inclusive growth – Financial inclusion All Andhra Pradesh government’s current schemes for inclusive growth and financial
inclusion – Public Distribution system and DWCRA

Agricultural Development

Role of agriculture in economic development – Contribution of to GDP– Issues of finance, production, marketing – green revolution and changing focus to dryland farming, organic farming and sustainable agriculture – minimum support prices – agriculture policy – Swaminathan commission – Rainbow revolution

Agriculture Development in Andhra Pradesh:

Contribution to SGDP-Regional disparities in irrigation and agricultural development -changing cropping pattern – focus on horticulture and fisheries and dairying – Government schemes to promote agriculture in Andhra Pradesh 

Industrial Development and Policy

Role of industrial sector in economic development – Evolution of industrial policy since independence – Industrial Policy, 1991 and its impact on Indian economy – Contribution of Public Sector to industrial development in India – impact of liberalization and privatization and globalization on industrial development -Disinvestment and privatization – – Problems of core industries -Micro, small and medium enterprises, their problems and policy – industrial sickness and support mechanism –Manufacturing policy – Make-in India – Start up programme – NIMZs- SEZs, industrial corridors

Industrial Policy of the AP Government

Incentives to industries – Industrial corridors in and SEZs in Andhra Pradesh – Bottlenecks for industrial development –Power projects

Infrastructure in India

Transport infrastructure : Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways – Major projects of transport infrastructure in India – Communication infrastructure – Information Technology –e-governance – Digital India – Energy and Power – Urban infrastructure – smart cities – urban environment – solid waste management – Weather forecast and disaster management – Issues of finance, ownership, operation and maintenance of all kinds of infrastructure – Public-private partnership and related issues – Pricing of public utilities and government policy – environmental impacts of infrastructure projects

Infrastructure Development in Andhra Pradesh

Transport , Energy and ICT infrastructure – Bottlenecks – Government policy – Ongoing projects

Paper-V Science and Technology

  • Integration of Science, Technology and Innovation for better human life; Science & Technology in everyday life; National Policies on proliferation of Science, Technology and Innovation; India’s contribution in the field of Science and Technology. Concerns and challenges in the proliferation and use of science and technology; Role and Scope of Science and Technology in nation building. Major Scientific institutes for Science and \technology in AP and India. Major Scientific Institutes for Research and Development in AP and India. Achievements of Indian Scientist in the field of Science and Technology-Indigenous technologies and developing new technologies.
  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT) – its importance, advantages and challenges; E-governance and India; Cyber Crime and policies to address security concerns. Government of India Policy on Information Technology (IT). IT Development in AP and India.
  • Indian Space Programme – Past, Present and Future; Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) — it’s activities and achievements; Satellite Programmes of India and Use of Satellites in different fields like Health, Education, Communication Technology, Weather forecastingaffecting human lives; Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO)
  • Indian’s energy needs, efficiency, and resources; Clean energy resources; Energy policy of India – Government Policies and Programmes. Conventional and Non- Conventional energy resources. Energy demands, Indian Energy Sciences, Conventional energy powers, Thermal, renewable energy resources, Solar, wind, Bio and wasted based, energy policies Geothermal and Tidal Sources, energy Policies in India, energy security. Salient features of Nuclear Policy of India; Development of Nuclear programmes in India, Nuclear Policies at the International level and India’s stand on them
  • Development Vs. Nature / Environment; Depletion of Natural Resources, Metals, Minerals — Conservation Policy. Environmental Pollution Natural and Anthropogenic and Environmental degradation. Sustainable Development — possibilities and challenges; Climate Change and Its effect on the world; Climate justice — a global phenomenon; Environment Impact Assessment, Natural Disasters — Cyclones, Earthquakes, Landslides & Tsunamis — Prediction Management. Correlation between Health & Environment, Social Forestry, Afforestation and deforestation, Mining in AP and India. Types of Natural resources- renewable and Nonrenewable. Forest resources. Fishery resources. Fossil Fuels- Coal, Petroleum and Natural Gas. Mineral resources. Water resources — Types, Watershed management. Land resources — types of soils and soil reclamation.
  • Environmental pollution and Solid waste management: Sources, impacts and control of – air pollution, water pollution and soil pollution. Noise pollution. Solid waste management – Types of solid waste, impacts of solid waste, recycling and reuse. Remedial measures for Soil erosion and Coastal erosion. Global Environmental issues and role of information Technology in Environment and Human Health, Ozone layer depletion, Acid rain. Global Warming and its impacts. Environmental legislation: International Law, Montreal protocol, Kyoto protocol, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change, The Environment (Protection) act 1986, Forest conservation Act, Wildlife protection act. Biodiversity Bill of India – cop 21 – Sustainable Development Goals – National Disaster Management Policy, 2016 of India and Disaster management initiatives in India. White Revolution, Green Revolution, and Green Pharmacy.
  • Nature, Scope, and Applications of Biotechnology and Nanotechnology in India; Ethical, Social and Legal concerns, Government policies; Genetic engineering, issues related to it and its impact on human life. Bio–diversity, fermentation, Immuno – diagnosis techniques.
  • Human diseases-microbial infections. Common infections and preventive measures. Introduction to bacterial, viral, protozoal and fungal infections. Basic knowledge of infections-diarrhea, dysentery, cholera, tuberculosis, malaria, viral infections like HIV, Encephalitis, Chikungunya, bird flu-preventive measures during outbreaks. Introduction to Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology. Basic concepts of genetic engineering. Tissue culture methods and applications. Biotechnology in agriculture- Bio-pesticides, Bio-fertilizers, Bio-fuels, Genetically modified crops. Animal husbandry- transgenic animals. Vaccines: Introduction to immunity, Fundamental concepts in vaccination, Production of Modern Vaccines (production of Hepatitis vaccine).
  • Issues related to Intellectual Property Rights in the field of Science and Technology. Promotion of Science in AP and India.
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